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Cardiac surgery during the acute phase of infective endocarditis: discrepancies between European Society of Cardiology guidelines and practices

Bernard Iung 1 Thanh Doco-Lecompte Sidney Chocron 2 Christophe Strady 3 François Delahaye 4 Vincent Le Moing 5 Claire Poyart 6, 7, 8 François Alla 9, 10, 11 Emmanuelle Cambau 12 Pierre Tattevin 13, 14 Catherine Chirouze 15, 16 Jean-Francois Obadia 17 Xavier Duval 18, 19 Bruno Hoen 20, 21
Abstract : AIMS: Indications for surgery in acute infective endocarditis (IE) are detailed in guidelines, but their application is not well known. We analysed the agreement between the patient's attending physicians and European Society of Cardiology guidelines regarding indications for surgery. We also assessed whether surgery was performed in patients who had an indication. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the 2008 prospective population-based French survey on IE, 303 patients with definite left-sided native IE were identified. For each case, we prospectively recorded (i) indication for surgery according to the attending physicians and (ii) indication for surgery according to guidelines. Surgery was indicated in 194 (65%) patients according to attending physicians and in 221 (73%) according to guidelines, while 139 (46%) underwent surgery. Agreement was moderate between attending physicians and guidelines (kappa 0.41-0.59) and between indication according to guidelines and the performance of surgery (kappa 0.38). Of the 90 (30%) patients not operated despite indication, contraindication to surgery was reported by the attending physicians in 42 (47%), and indication was not identified in 48 (53%). One-year survival was 76% in patients with indication and surgery performed (n = 131), 69% in patients without indication and no surgery (n = 74), 56% in patients with identified indication and contraindication to surgery (n = 42), and 60% in patients with no identified indication (n = 48; P = 0.059). CONCLUSION: Cardiac surgery during acute IE was recommended in almost three out of four patients, although fewer than half were actually operated. Indication was not acknowledged by the attending physicians in one out of six patients
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01255874
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 14, 2016 - 9:59:11 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 2:34:42 PM

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Bernard Iung, Thanh Doco-Lecompte, Sidney Chocron, Christophe Strady, François Delahaye, et al.. Cardiac surgery during the acute phase of infective endocarditis: discrepancies between European Society of Cardiology guidelines and practices. European Heart Journal, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy B, 2016, 37 (10), pp.840-848. ⟨10.1093/eurheartj/ehv650⟩. ⟨hal-01255874⟩

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