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Fat ViP MRI: Virtual Phantom Magnetic Resonance Imaging of water-fat systems

Abstract : OBJECT: Virtual Phantom Magnetic Resonance Imaging (ViP MRI) is a method to generate reference signals on MR images, using external radiofrequency (RF) signals. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of ViP MRI to generate complex-data images of phantoms mimicking water-fat systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Various numerical phantoms with a given fat fraction, T2* and field map were designed. The k-space of numerical phantoms was converted into RF signals to generate virtual phantoms. MRI experiments were performed at 4.7T using a multi-gradient-echo sequence on virtual and physical phantoms. The data acquisition of virtual and physical phantoms was simultaneous. Decomposition of the water and fat signals was performed using a complex-based water-fat separation algorithm. RESULTS: Overall, a good agreement was observed between the fat fraction, T2* and phase map values of the virtual and numerical phantoms. In particular, fat fractions of 10.5±0.1 (vs 10% of the numerical phantom), 20.3±0.1 (vs 20%) and 30.4±0.1 (vs 30%) were obtained in virtual phantoms. CONCLUSION: The ViP MRI method allows for generating imaging phantoms that i) mimic water-fat systems and ii) can be analyzed with water-fat separation algorithms based on complex data
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Submitted on : Sunday, March 6, 2016 - 7:44:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 16, 2018 - 11:23:41 AM
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Roberto Salvati, Eric Hitti, Jean-Jacques Bellanger, Hervé Saint-Jalmes, Giulio Gambarota. Fat ViP MRI: Virtual Phantom Magnetic Resonance Imaging of water-fat systems. Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Elsevier, 2016, 34 (5), pp.617-623. ⟨10.1016/j.mri.2015.12.002⟩. ⟨hal-01260571⟩

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