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Electrocardiographic correlates of mechanical dyssynchrony in recipients of cardiac resynchronization therapy devices

Abstract : Background The relationship between electrical and mechanical indices of cardiac dyssynchronization in systolic heart failure (HF) remains poorly understood. Objectives We examined retrospectively this relationship by using the daily practice tools in cardiology in recipients of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) systems. Methods We studied 119 consecutive patients in sinus rhythm and QRS ≥ 120 ms (mean: 160 ± 17 ms) undergoing CRT device implantation. P wave duration, PR, ePR (end of P wave to QRS onset), QT, RR–QT, JT and QRS axis and morphology were putative predictors of atrioventricular (diastolic filling time [DFT]/RR), interventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (IVMD) and left intraventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (left ventricular pre-ejection interval [PEI] and other measures) assessed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). Correlations between TTE and electrocardiographic measurements were examined by linear regression. Results Statistically significant but relatively weak correlations were found between heart rate (r = −0.5), JT (r = 0.3), QT (r = 0.3), RR–QT intervals (r = 0.5) and DFT/RR, though not with PR and QRS intervals. Weak correlations were found between: (a) QRS (r = 0.3) and QT interval (r = 0.3) and (b) IVMD > 40 ms; and between (a) ePR (r = −0.2), QRS (r = 0.4), QT interval (r = 0.3) and (b) LVPEI, though not with other indices of intraventricular dyssynchrony. Conclusions The correlations between electrical and the evaluated mechanical indices of cardiac dyssynchrony were generally weak in heart failure candidates for CRT. These data may help to explain the discordance between electrocardiographic and echocardiographic criteria of ventricular dyssynchrony in predicting the effect of CRT
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, January 22, 2016 - 2:40:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 15, 2021 - 3:33:49 AM

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Philippe Mabo, Claude Daubert, Albin Behaghel, Anne Brunet-Bernard, Emmanuel Oger, et al.. Electrocardiographic correlates of mechanical dyssynchrony in recipients of cardiac resynchronization therapy devices. Archives of cardiovascular diseases, Elsevier/French Society of Cardiology, 2015, 108 (12), pp.617-625. ⟨10.1016/j.acvd.2015.06.007⟩. ⟨hal-01260659⟩



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