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What is the concordance between the seizure onset zone and the irritative zone? A SEEG quantified study

Abstract : Objective In focal epilepsies, the accurate delineation of the epileptogenic network is a fundamental step before surgery. For years, the relationship between the interictal epileptic spikes (defining the “irritative zone”, IZ) and the sites of seizure initiation (SOZ) has been a matter of debate. Methods Our goal was to investigate from intracerebral recordings (stereoelectroencephalography, SEEG) the distribution of interictal epileptic spikes (based on a spike frequency index, SI) and the topography of the SOZ (based on the Epileptogenicity Index, EI) in patients having focal neocortical epilepsies. Thirty one patients were studied. A total of 539 brain regions were quantified in term of both spike generation (SI) and seizure initiation (EI). Results We found a 56% (18/32) rate of agreement between maximal EI and maximal SI values. When considering separately patients with focal cortical dysplasia (FCD), the proportion of patients with good concordance was ∼75% (15/20), whereas it was only 33% (4/12) in the non FCD group. Conclusions Our results show that a significant part of patients have some dissociation between regions showing pronounced spiking activity and those showing high epileptogenicity. e is clinically important. Significance For patients with these dissociations, other markers than spiking frequency remain to be investigated. In the FCD group, the good concordance between SI and EI confirms that the mapping of the irritative zone is clinically important
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01262683
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 27, 2016 - 9:18:45 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 12:08:10 PM

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Martine Gavaret, Marmaduke Woodman, Bernard Giusiano, Fabrice Wendling, Christian Bénar, et al.. What is the concordance between the seizure onset zone and the irritative zone? A SEEG quantified study. Clinical Neurophysiology, Elsevier, 2016, 217 (2), pp.1157-1162. ⟨10.1016/j.clinph.2015.10.029⟩. ⟨hal-01262683⟩

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