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Microwave and Quantum Chemical Study of Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in 2-Propenylhydrazine (H2C=CHCH2NHNH2)

Abstract : The microwave spectrum of 2-propenylhydrazine (H2C(box drawings double horizontal)CHCH2NHNH2) was studied in the 12-61 and 72-123 GHz spectral regions. A variety of intramolecular hydrogen bonds between one or more of the hydrogen atoms of the hydrazino group and the π-electrons are possible for this compound. Assignments of the spectra of four conformers, all of which are stabilized with intramolecular hydrogen bonds are reported. One hydrogen bond exists in two of these conformers, whereas the π-electrons are shared by two hydrogen atoms in the two other rotamers. Vibrationally excited-state spectra were assigned for three of the four conformers. The internal hydrogen bonds are weak, probably in the 3-6 kJ/mol range. A total of about 4400 transitions were assigned for these four forms. The microwave work was guided by quantum chemical calculations at the B3LYP/cc-pVTZ and CCSD/cc-pVTZ levels of theory. These calculations indicated that as many as 18 conformers may exist for 2-propenylhydrazine and 11 of these have either one or two intramolecular hydrogen bonds. The four conformers detected in this work are among the rotamers with the lowest CCSD electronic energies. The CCSD method predicts rotational constants that are very close to the experimental rotational constants. The B3LYP calculations yielded quartic centrifugal distortion constants that deviated considerably from their experimental counterparts in most cases. The calculation of vibration-rotation constants and sextic centrifugal distortion constants by the B3LYP method were generally found to be in poor agreement with the corresponding experimental constants.[on SciFinder (R)]
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Submitted on : Friday, February 5, 2016 - 11:21:16 AM
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Harald Møllendal, Svein Samdal, Jean-Claude Guillemin. Microwave and Quantum Chemical Study of Intramolecular Hydrogen Bonding in 2-Propenylhydrazine (H2C=CHCH2NHNH2). Journal of Physical Chemistry A, American Chemical Society, 2016, 120 (3), pp.407--16. ⟨10.1021/acs.jpca.5b11141⟩. ⟨hal-01269740⟩



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