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A Novel Extrinsic Pathway for the Unfolded Protein Response in the Kidney

Abstract : The ribonuclease angiogenin is a component of the mammalian stress response, and functions in both cell-autonomous and non-cell-autonomous ways to promote tissue adaptation to injury. We recently showed that angiogenin regulates tissue homeostasis during AKI associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress through the production of transfer RNA fragments that interfere with translation initiation and thereby alleviate ER stress. However, whether the paracrine signaling mediated by angiogenin secretion is a genuine component of the ER stress response to kidney injury is unknown. Here, we explored the molecular mechanisms by which angiogenin is secreted upon ER stress, and determined how it modulates the inflammatory microenvironment. In cultured renal epithelial cells, ER stress specifically induced angiogenin secretion under the selective control of inositol-requiring enzyme 1α, a key activator of the unfolded protein response. The transcription factors spliced X-box-binding protein 1 and p65, which are activated by inositol-requiring enzyme 1α upon ER stress, each bound the angiogenin promoter and controlled the amount of angiogenin secreted. Furthermore, p65 promoted angiogenin transcription in an ER stress-dependent manner. Similar to secretion of the ER stress-induced proinflammatory cytokine IL-6, secretion of angiogenin required the ER-Golgi pathway. Notably, incubation of human macrophages with angiogenin promoted macrophage reprogramming toward an activated and proinflammatory phenotype. In patients, angiogenin expression increased upon renal inflammation, and the urinary concentration of angiogenin correlated with the extent of immune-mediated kidney injury. Collectively, our data identify angiogenin as a mediator of the ER stress-dependent inflammatory response and as a potential noninvasive biomarker of AKI
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, February 5, 2016 - 2:17:17 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 30, 2022 - 2:37:07 PM

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Iadh Mami, Quentin Tavernier, Nicolas Bouvier, Rim Aboukamis, Geoffroy Desbuissons, et al.. A Novel Extrinsic Pathway for the Unfolded Protein Response in the Kidney. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, American Society of Nephrology, 2016, 27 (9), pp.2670-83. ⟨10.1681/ASN.2015060703⟩. ⟨hal-01269907⟩



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