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Regioselectivity in palladium-catalysed direct arylation of 5-membered ring heteroaromatics

Abstract : In recent years, palladium-catalyzed arylation of heteroaroms. via C-H bond activation has become a popular method for generating carbon-carbon bonds. For this reaction, a wide variety of heteroaroms. such as (benzo)furans, (benzo)thiophenes, pyrroles, indoles, thiazoles, oxazoles, imidazoles, pyrazoles or triazoles can be employed. In most of these heterocycles, several reactive C-H bonds are present. If specific C-H bonds of such heteroarenes can be coupled with arenes, this becomes one of the most simple methods to access bi(hetero)arenes. In the past few years, several results using modified and improved catalysts and new reaction conditions have been reported permitting better control of the regioselectivity of such arylations. For example, initially only C2- or C5-arylated thiophenes were accessible via palladium-catalyzed direct arylation, whereas now regioselective C3- or C4-arylations are possible when appropriate reaction conditions are used. In this review, the influence of the reactants, catalysts and reaction conditions on the regioselectivity of palladium-catalyzed arylation of heteroaroms. is reported. The recent progress in the regioselectivity control now allows the synthesis of a wide variety of complex mols. using only a few steps, and will certainly provide simpler access to new heteroaryl derivs. in the next years.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2016 - 2:07:09 PM
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Charles Beromeo Bheeter, Lu Chen, Jean-François Soulé, Henri Doucet. Regioselectivity in palladium-catalysed direct arylation of 5-membered ring heteroaromatics. Catalysis Science & Technology, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016, 6 (7), pp.2005-2049. ⟨10.1039/C5CY02095F⟩. ⟨hal-01274107⟩



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