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Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Time for a Randomized Controlled Trial? Results of an All-inclusive National Observational Study

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to compare at a national level, the early and long-term outcome of distal pancreatectomy (DP) performed by laparoscopy (LapDP) or open surgery (OpenDP) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). BACKGROUND DATA: LapDP is feasible and safe for benign conditions but its use for PDAC is controversial. METHODS: French healthcare databases were screened to identify all patients who had undergone LapDP or OpenDP for PDAC between 2007 and 2012. Endpoints were (i) 90-day mortality, (ii) morbidity, (iii) transfusion rate, (iv) length of hospital stay (LOS), and (v) long-term survival. Logistic regression and adjusted Cox models were used to compare LapDP and OpenDP with regard to these outcomes. Confounders included (i) patients' characteristics; (ii) associated surgical procedures; and (iii) characteristics of the hospital. Performance of the resulting models was determined by the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Over the 6-year period, there were 2753 operations for PDAC: 2406 OpenDP and 347 LapDP (12.6%). The overall 90-day mortality rate was 5.2%; median LOS was 15 days, and median survival was 38 months. LapDP was not correlated with 90-day mortality but was associated with reduced pleuropulmonary morbidity (odds ratio (OR) 0.73, P = 0.028), blood transfusion (OR 0.44, P = 0.001), and LOS (P = 0.042), and was associated with increased survival (P = 0.0007). CONCLUSIONS: LapDP has not been adopted widely for PDAC. The early and long-term results of LapDP as currently practiced are as good as those of OpenDP. The next step in the evaluation of LapDP should be a randomized controlled trial (RCT), but such a trial is likely to suffer from insufficient recruitment
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01274240
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2016 - 4:04:31 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:17:11 AM

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Laurent Sulpice, Olivier Farges, Nathalie Goutte, Noelle Bendersky, Safi Dokmak, et al.. Laparoscopic Distal Pancreatectomy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Time for a Randomized Controlled Trial? Results of an All-inclusive National Observational Study. Annals of Surgery, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2015, 262 (5), pp.868--874. ⟨10.1097/SLA.0000000000001479⟩. ⟨hal-01274240⟩

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