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Devenir respiratoire à l’âge scolaire de la dysplasie bronchopulmonaire [Respiratory outcome of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in school-age children]

Abstract : Background - Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common chronic lung disease of infancy. The influence of its initial severity on long-term respiratory outcome remains uncertain. Objectives - The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of "new BPD" on respiratory morbidity as well as respiratory function at rest and during exercise in school-age children. Methods - The 93 preterm newborns (<33 weeks gestation) presenting with BPD between 1997 and 2004 at the Rennes University Hospital had been proposed for a specific follow-up program. The children included in this cohort and presenting without severe handicap or motor deficit were eligible for this observational retrospective study. Their standardized clinical evaluation and the results of the pulmonary function tests and cardiopulmonary exercise tests performed between the ages of 7 and 14 years were studied. BPD was considered to be moderate when respiratory or oxygen support continued at 36 weeks gestation with an FiO2 less than 30% and severe when FiO2 was greater than 30%. Results - Among the 36 children assessed, the initial severity of the BPD was mild in 12 cases, moderate in 12 cases, and severe in 12 cases. The mean age at the time of the pulmonary function test (PFT) was 9.9 (±1.9) years, 19 children (53%) had respiratory symptoms during the year before the test, and six (17%) underwent long-term treatment. The PFT was abnormal for 32 children (89%): 23 showed airway obstruction, 16 hyperinflation, three increases in bronchial reactivity, and two restrictions. The residual volume/total lung capacity ratio was the only parameter related to the severity of BPD (P<0.05). The cardiopulmonary exercise test was given to 35 children: 15 of them had normal exercise ability but with a limited ventilatory reserve. Conclusions - Half of the children included in this "new-BPD" follow-up cohort had clinical respiratory morbidity and most of the children followed presented with persistent alterations in pulmonary function tests at school age, which were not associated with significant alterations in the maximum aerobic performance.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 15, 2016 - 4:49:31 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 11:25:04 AM




E. Kathegesu, J. Beucher, V. Daniel, S. Guillot, S. Lefeuvre, et al.. Devenir respiratoire à l’âge scolaire de la dysplasie bronchopulmonaire [Respiratory outcome of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in school-age children]. Archives de Pédiatrie, Elsevier, 2016, 23 (4), pp.325-332. ⟨10.1016/j.arcped.2015.12.013⟩. ⟨hal-01274307⟩