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Exogenous proline mediates alleviation of cadmium stress by promoting photosynthetic activity, water status and antioxidative enzymes activities of young date palm (Phoenix dactyliferaL.)

Abstract : The ability of exogenous compatible solutes, such as proline, to counteract cadmium (Cd) inhibitory effects in young date palm plants (Phoenix dactylifera L. cv Deglet Nour) was investigated. Two-year-old date palm plants were subjected for five months at different Cd stress levels (0, 10 and 30mg CdCl2kg(-1) soil) whether supplied or not with exogenous proline (20mM) added through the irrigation water. Different levels of Cd stress altered plant growth, gas exchanges and chlorophyll content as well as water status, but at different extent among them. In contrast, an increase of antioxidant enzymes activities of Cd-treated plants in association with high amounts of proline content, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and electrolyte leakage (EL) were observed. Interestingly, exogenous proline mitigated the adverse effects of Cd on young date palm. Indeed, it alleviated the oxidative damage induced by Cd accumulation and established better levels of plant growth, water status and photosynthetic activity. Moreover, proline-treated plants showed high antioxidant enzymes activities (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxydase) in roots and leaves as compared to Cd-treated plants
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01279123
Contributor : Nelly Brenner <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 25, 2016 - 2:15:44 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 11, 2020 - 3:16:32 AM

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Mohamed Zouari, Ch Ben Ahmed, W. Zorrig, N. Elloumi, M. Rabhi, et al.. Exogenous proline mediates alleviation of cadmium stress by promoting photosynthetic activity, water status and antioxidative enzymes activities of young date palm (Phoenix dactyliferaL.). Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2016, 128, pp.100--108. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2016.02.015⟩. ⟨hal-01279123⟩

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