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Semences indigènes et biodiversité. Enjeux pour la formulation d'une régulation juridique appropriée

Abstract : Seeds are fundamental for human kind: they represent the basis in food production that may warrantee the nourishment security of a country. Current International regulation focuses only in industrial seeds, which have been improved to adjust on to standardized models of food production. But, when seeds have improved their conditions due to the intervention of farmers, taking into account local specific circumstances, these seeds represent the cultural value of local knowledge traditions and the know how to in biodiversity usage; it is a constant innovation in plants farming, with a positive impact on nourishment security and health for involved communities. There is no international protection for these types of seeds.Seeds constitute the nucleus for a variety of social, economic, cultural and legal affairs, because of that, the decision to implement a legal regulation model that protects its production and interchange is crucial. Nevertheless, international regulation on seeds ignores the differences in the plurality of agricultural existing models. In that order, the loss of local knowledge and biodiversity associated to it, represents a constant threat for the sustainability of the territories and the communities that live there, this situation suggests the need to identify adaptation strategies for the development of innovation and technologies for the administration and production of native seeds, approved by the producers. Communities have developed strategies for selection, production, storage and interchange of native seeds that could ideally be validated by legal systems, giving recognition to traditional knowledge that involve and allow the acceptance of a new model that embraces the production of healthy food, the maintenance of clean soils, both security and sovereignty nourishment, adaptation to climate change, prevents the loss of biodiversity and allows resilience from the communities.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 1, 2016 - 5:09:49 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 1:19:02 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01281176, version 1


Reina Patricia Mahe Guzman Aguilera. Semences indigènes et biodiversité. Enjeux pour la formulation d'une régulation juridique appropriée. Noëline R. Rakotoarisoa; Stephen Blackmore; Bernard Riera. Quels botanistes pour le 21è siècle ? Métiers, enjeux et opportunités, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO), pp.54-58, 2016, 978-92-3-100120-8. ⟨hal-01281176⟩



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