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Stress Markers During a Rally Car Competition

Abstract : The aim of the study was to assess the stress responses in drivers during an official rally car race and the influence of fitness and body composition on stress hormones. Fitness and body composition were assessed in 9 rally car drivers with an incremental exercise test for determination of maximum aerobic speed (MAS) and 6-site skinfold method, respectively. Before (pre) and after (post) the first stage of an official rally car race, data were collected for heart rate (HR), blood samples were collected for analysis of hormones (i.e., epinephrine [EPI], norepinephrine [NE], cortisol, and aldosterone) and metabolites (i.e., lactate [LA], glucose, and ammonia). There were significant (p ≤ 0.05) increases in all assessed variables except glucose at postrace. Heart rate increased 93% (p ≤ 0.05) at the end of the race stage, reaching 88.77 ± 4.96% of HRpeak. Also, EPI and NE significantly (p = 0.001) increased by 45 and 65%, respectively, and LA increased by 395% (p < 0.001). Significant correlations between percent body fat (%BF) and postrace EPI (r = 0.95; p < 0.001), and percentage change of EPI (r = 0.83; p = 0.012) were observed. The MAS was not associated to any metabolic or hormonal variable. These results suggest that psycho-physiological stress induced by the race elicited important changes in hormonal and metabolic variables and that %BF could be an important mediator of psycho-physiological stress in rally car drivers. Specific programs, including both strength and aerobic training, and nutritional plans should be implemented for appropriate conditioning of rally car drivers.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01296773
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2016 - 3:32:24 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 23, 2020 - 3:58:02 PM

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Sebastián del Rosso, Laurinda Abreu, Heather E. Webb, Hassane Zouhal, Daniel A Boullosa. Stress Markers During a Rally Car Competition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2016, 30 (3), pp.605--614. ⟨10.1519/JSC.0000000000001131⟩. ⟨hal-01296773⟩

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