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Effects of Acute Supramaximal Cycle Exercise on Plasma FFA Concentration in Obese Adolescent Boys

Abstract : AIMS: The aims of the present study are 1) to evaluate the free fatty acid (FFA) profile and 2) to determine the relative anaerobic and aerobic contributions to total energy consumption during repeated supramaximal cycling bouts (SCE) in adolescent boys with different body weight statuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal-weight (NW), overweight (OW), and obese (OB) adolescent boys (n =15 per group) completed a SCE sessions consisted of 6 x 6s maximal sprints with 2 min of passive rest between each repetition. Plasma FFA levels were determined at rest, immediately after a 10 min warm-up, and immediately at the end of SCE. The anaerobic and aerobic contributions (%) were measured via repeated SCE bouts. Insulin resistance was calculated using the homoeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR) index. RESULTS: The FFA concentrations measured immediately after SCE were higher in the OB group than in the OW and NW (p\textless0.01 and p\textless0.01, respectively) groups. Moreover, the anaerobic contributions to SCE were significantly lower in obese adolescents (p\textless0.01) and decreased significantly during the 2nd, 3rd and 4th repetitions. The FFA levels were significantly associated with the HOMA-IR index and aerobic contribution among adolescent boys (r=0.83 and r=0.91, respectively, p\textless0.01). CONCLUSION: In contrast to the NW and OW groups, there is an increase in lipid mobilization and sift to aerobic energy metabolism during SCE in the OB group
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Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2016 - 3:32:37 PM
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Georges Jabbour, Horia-Daniel Iancu, Anne Paulin, Jean-Marc Lavoie, Sophie Lemoine-Morel, et al.. Effects of Acute Supramaximal Cycle Exercise on Plasma FFA Concentration in Obese Adolescent Boys. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2015, 10 (6), pp.e0129654. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0129654⟩. ⟨hal-01296782⟩



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