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Effect of immune modulation in relapsed peripheral T-cell lymphomas after post-allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a study by the Société Française de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC)

Abstract : Peripheral T-cell lymphoma carries a poor prognosis. To document a possible graft-versus-lymphoma effect in this setting, we evaluated the impact of immunomodulation in 63 patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma who relapsed after allogeneic transplant in 27 SFGM-TC centers. Relapse occurred after a median of 2.8 months. Patients were then treated with non-immunologic strategies (chemotherapy, radiotherapy) and/or immune modulation (donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) and/or discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy). Median overall survival (OS) after relapse was 6.1 months (DLI group: 23.6 months, non-DLI group: 3.6 months). Among the 14 patients who received DLI, 9 responded and 2 had stable disease. Among the remaining 49 patients, a complete response accompanied by extensive chronic GvHD was achieved in two patients after tapering of immunosuppressive drugs. Thirty patients received radio-chemotherapy, with an overall response rate of 50%. In multivariate analysis, chronic GvHD (odds ratio: 11.25 (2.68–48.21), P=0.0009) and skin relapse (odds ratio: 4.15 (1.04–16.50), P=0.043) were associated with a better response to treatment at relapse. In a time-dependent analysis, the only factor predictive of OS was the time from transplantation to relapse (hazards ratio: 0.33 (0.17–0.640), P=0.0009). This large series provides encouraging evidence of a true GvL effect in this disease
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01299298
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 7, 2016 - 2:38:09 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 19, 2020 - 11:17:12 AM

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A.-C. Mamez, V. Levy, P. Chevallier, D. Blaise, S. Vigouroux, et al.. Effect of immune modulation in relapsed peripheral T-cell lymphomas after post-allogeneic stem cell transplantation: a study by the Société Française de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC). Bone Marrow Transplantation, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 51 (3), pp.358--364. ⟨10.1038/bmt.2015.280⟩. ⟨hal-01299298⟩

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