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Highly Stereocontrolled Ring-Opening Polymerization of Racemic Alkyl β-Malolactonates Mediated by Yttrium [Amino-alkoxy-bis(phenolate)] Complexes

Abstract : Yttrium [amino-alkoxy-bis(phenolate)]amido complexes have been used for the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of racemic alkyl β-malolactonates (4-alkoxycarbonyl-2-oxetanones, rac-MLARs) bearing an allyl (All), benzyl (Bz) or methyl (Me) lateral ester function. The nature of the ortho-substituent on the phenolate rings in the metal ancillary dictated the stereocontrol of the ROP, and consequently the syndiotactic enrichment of the resulting polyesters. ROP promoted by catalysts with halogen (Cl, Br)-disubstituted ligands allowed the first reported synthesis of highly syndiotactic PMLARs (Pr ≥ 0.95); conversely, catalysts bearing bulky alkyl and aryl ortho-substituted ligands proved largely ineffective. All polymers have been characterized by 1H and 13C\1H\ NMR spectroscopy, MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry and DSC analyses. Statistical and thermal analyses enabled the rationalization of the chain-end control mechanism. Whereas the stereocontrol of the polymerization obeyed a Markov first-order (Mk1) model for the ROP of rac-MLABz and rac-MLAAll, the ROP of rac-MLAMe led to a chain end-control of Markov second-order type (Mk2). DFT computations suggest that the high stereocontrol ability featured by catalysts bearing Cl- and Br-substituted ligands does not likely originate from halogen bonding between the halogen substituent and the growing polyester chain
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01304299
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 19, 2016 - 3:24:05 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 5, 2020 - 2:04:37 PM

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Cédric G. Jaffredo, Yulia Chapurina, Evgueni Kirillov, Jean-François Carpentier, Sophie M Guillaume. Highly Stereocontrolled Ring-Opening Polymerization of Racemic Alkyl β-Malolactonates Mediated by Yttrium [Amino-alkoxy-bis(phenolate)] Complexes. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016, 22 (22), pp.7629-7641. ⟨10.1002/chem.201600223⟩. ⟨hal-01304299⟩

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