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Performance efficiency of electro-coagulation coupled electro-flotation process (EC–EF) versus adsorption process in Doxycycline removal from aqueous solutions

Abstract : Two treatment methodologies such as electro-coagulation coupled electro-flotation (EC–EF) and adsorption have been adopted to remove doxycycline hyclate (DCH) from the aqueous solution. An electro-coagulation (EC) coupled electro-flotation (EF) system has been designed in a closed reactor with a capacity of 1.5L on a laboratory scale. Electro-synthesis of alumina (electro-generated alumina, EGA) using aluminium electrodes with magnesium chloride as an electrolyte was achieved and used for the adsorption experiments. In both the treatment techniques, removal of DCH efficiency as a function of pH, initial DCH concentration and interfering electrolyte was studied. About 99% of DCH was removed at the end of 80 minutes in the range of pH 6–8 by EC–EF process whereas the adsorption technique achieved about 73% (73 mg g−1) of DCH removal in the pH range of 3–9 at the equilibrium time of 150 minutes. Current density of 5.39 mS cm−2 and EGA dose of 4 g L−1 was optimized respectively for the EC–EF and adsorption processes. The presence of accompanying electrolyte (NaCl) with DCH solution in the EC–EF process increased the electrical conductivity of 1.78 mS cm−1 and could achieve about 90% of DCH removal in the first 30 minutes. On the other hand, in the adsorption process, the participation of chloride (NaCl) as an interfering ion decreased the DCH removal to about 76%. Kinetic and isotherm models fitting the DCH removal dynamics in both the techniques have been checked for their validation. Characterization studies which include FTIR, SEM and XRD have also been done to explore the functional groups, surface morphology and crystalline nature of the solid materials
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 21, 2016 - 4:35:01 PM
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S. Zaidi, T. Chaabane, V. Sivasankar, A. Darchen, R. Maachi, et al.. Performance efficiency of electro-coagulation coupled electro-flotation process (EC–EF) versus adsorption process in Doxycycline removal from aqueous solutions. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Elsevier, 2016, 102, pp.450-461. ⟨10.1016/j.psep.2016.04.013⟩. ⟨hal-01307762⟩

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