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The species repertoire of whistled songs in the European starling: species-specific characteristics and variability

Abstract : Observations of European starlings in France, Germany and Australia reveal surprising high similarities in the individual repertoires of whistled songs. The structure of the whistles enabled us to recognize a number of categories, in which some species-specific themes were found everywhere. They appear with the same general characteristics and variation ranges in all populations. There seems therefore to be a basic species-specific repertoire common to all males who have also a number of additional individual themes which characterize each male in its colony. These individual themes show also common characteristics in the different populations. The results suggest that a mechanism has evolved which canalizes the patterns to be learned. The existence of such a universal innate species-specific repertoire has also to be related to functional aspects and to the complicated dialects found in this species.
Keywords : passerine birds
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01319780
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Submitted on : Monday, May 23, 2016 - 8:58:17 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 9, 2020 - 4:08:05 PM

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Martine Hausberger. The species repertoire of whistled songs in the European starling: species-specific characteristics and variability. Bioacoustics, Taylor and Francis, 1989, 2 (2), pp.137-162. ⟨10.1080/09524622.1989.9753123⟩. ⟨hal-01319780⟩

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