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Individualgeschichte und Gesangsausprägung beim Star (Sturnus vulgaris) in einer Kolonie

Abstract : Starling's song can be divided into warbling and whistles. Whistles have a short and simple structure, whereas warbling is sung in long sequences (most often more than 20 s). In the warbling one can distinguish many different subunits (repetition of motifs). The individual variability of songs was studied in a colony near Frankfurt/Main in West Germany, where starlings were colour banded since 1969. The following results were obtained: Birds from the same colony uttered nearly identical or very similar microstructures in the species-specific whistle themes. Different to the whistle themes very distinct individual differences characterized the warbling. Only a few motif types were common among colony members. The individual repertoire size ranged from 17 to 39 motif types. Comparison of the song of one individual between the breeding season and the following autumn shows that motifs, which were not observed during spring occurred in the autumn. This observation is a hint that starlings are capable to learn new motif types even as adults.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01319790
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Martine Hausberger, Hans-Rudolf Güttinger, Friedrich Wilhelm Merkel. Individualgeschichte und Gesangsausprägung beim Star (Sturnus vulgaris) in einer Kolonie. Journal für Ornithologie = Journal of Ornithology, Springer Verlag, 1989, 130 (2), pp.149-160. ⟨10.1007/BF01649750⟩. ⟨hal-01319790⟩

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