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Journal Articles Liver Transplantation Year : 2016

Vena cava encirclement predicts difficult native hepatectomy


Recipient hepatectomy is a challenging liver transplantation (LT) procedure that has life-threatening complications. The current predictive mortality clinic-biological scores (Child/Model for End-Stage Liver Disease [MELD]) do not take into consideration the recipient's liver anatomy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the dorsal sector anatomy of a cirrhotic liver on the morbidity/mortality rates of hepatectomy. A multicenter retrospective study (clinic-biological and morphologic) was performed from 2013 to 2014. The degree of encirclement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by the dorsal sector of the liver was measured. The study population included 320 patients. Seventy-four (23%) patients had complete IVC encirclement. A correlation (P = 0.01) has been reported between the existence of a circular dorsal sector and the number of transfusions during LT (4 packed red blood cell [PRBC] transfusions in the group without IVC versus 7 PRBC transfusions in the other group). The existence of such anatomy increases the relative risk of early reoperation for IVC bleeding by 31% (P = 0.05). There is a correlation between alcoholic cirrhosis and dorsal-sector hypertrophy (126 cc versus 147.5 cc; P = 0.05). Concerning surgical time, we found no significant between-group differences. Compared to the severity of cirrhosis, an inverse correlation was observed between the MELD and Child scores and the dorsal sector hypertrophy (P < 0.001). No significant difference in terms of transfusion was found between the temporary portocaval shunt group (n = 168) and the other group (n = 152). The presence of a circular sector is associated with an increased risk of hemorrhage during hepatectomy, as well as an immediate postoperative risk of reoperation. Liver Transplantation 22 906-913 2016 AASLD.
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Dates and versions

hal-01363194 , version 1 (14-11-2016)



Fabrizio Panaro, Gildas Boisset, Gerald Chanques, Boris Guiu, Astrid Herrero, et al.. Vena cava encirclement predicts difficult native hepatectomy. Liver Transplantation, 2016, 22 (7), pp.906-913. ⟨10.1002/lt.24478⟩. ⟨hal-01363194⟩
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