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Additive effects of millimeter waves and 2-deoxyglucose co-exposure on the human keratinocyte transcriptome

Abstract : Millimeter Waves (MMW) will be used in the next-generation of high-speed wireless technologies, especially in future Ultra-Broadband small cells in 5G cellular networks. Therefore, their biocompatibilities must be evaluated prior to their massive deployment. Using a microarray- based approach, we analyzed modifications to the whole genome of a human keratinocyte model that was exposed at 60.4 GHz-MMW at an incident power density (IPD) of 20 mW/cm2 for 3 hours in athermic conditions. No keratinocyte transcriptome modifications were observed. We tested the effects of MMWs on cell metabolism by co-treating MMW-exposed cells with a glycolysis inhibitor, 2-deoxyglucose (2dG, 20 mM for 3 hours), and whole genome expression was evaluated along with the ATP content.We found that the 2dG treatment decreased the cellular ATP content and induced a high modification in the transcriptome (632 coding genes). The affected genes were associated with transcriptional repression, cellular communication and endoplasmic reticulum homeostasis. The MMW/ 2dG co-treatment did not alter the keratinocyte ATP content, but it did slightly alter the transcriptome, which reflected the capacity of MMWto interfere with the bioenergetic stress response. The RT-PCR-based validation confirmed 6 MMW-sensitive genes (SOCS3, SPRY2, TRIB1, FAM46A, CSRNP1 and PPP1R15A) during the 2dG treatment. These 6 genes encoded transcription factors or inhibitors of cytokine pathways, which raised questions regarding the potential impact of long-term or chronic MMW exposure on metabolically stressed cells. © 2016 Soubere Mahamoud et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01367149
Contributor : Xavier Chard-Hutchinson <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 15, 2016 - 4:46:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:53:32 AM

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Yonis Soubere Mahamoud, Meziane Aite, Catherine Martin, Maxim Zhadobov, Ronan Sauleau, et al.. Additive effects of millimeter waves and 2-deoxyglucose co-exposure on the human keratinocyte transcriptome. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 11 (8), pp.e0160810. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0160810⟩. ⟨hal-01367149⟩

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