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Superparasitism limitation in an aphid parasitoid: cornicle secretion avoidance and host discrimination ability

Abstract : Superparasitism avoidance by the endoparasitoid Aphidius rhopalosiphi De Stefani Perez on the grain aphid, Sitobion avenae was studied. Experiments were carried out in which aphids were exposed to two consecutive attacks by parasitoids. Results showed that superparasitism avoidance in A. rhopalosiphi was mediated by two successive stimuli whose effectiveness depended on the time interval between attacks. For short time intervals (<16 h), host rejections were mainly associated with the presence of dried cornicle secretion on the host's body which was exuded during the first attack. The repellency of this secretion declined with the time interval between attacks, becoming ineffective 2 days after the first parasitization, and allowed females to reject up to 30% of parasitized hosts. For longer time intervals (≥16 h), host rejection behavior was a response of parasitoid females to internal changes in host quality associated with parasite development. This response gradually increased with an increase in time interval, reaching no more than 60%, 96 h after initial parasitization. This host discrimination ability did not allow females to distinguish between hosts parasitized by themselves or by conspecifics. Consequently, these findings suggest that superparasitism is a common event in A. rhopalosiphi and especially on recently parasitized hosts.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01368796
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 20, 2016 - 9:18:18 AM
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Yannick Outreman, Anne Le Ralec, Manuel Plantegenest, B Chaubet, Jean-Sébastien Pierre. Superparasitism limitation in an aphid parasitoid: cornicle secretion avoidance and host discrimination ability. Journal of Insect Physiology, Elsevier, 2001, 47 (4-5), pp.339-348. ⟨10.1016/S0022-1910(00)00142-6⟩. ⟨hal-01368796⟩

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