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Synthesis, characterization, and crystal structure of RNA targeted l- and d-phenylalanine-(1,10-phen)-copper(II) conjugate complexes: Comparative: in vitro RNA binding profile of enantiomers and their biological evaluation by morphological studies and antibacterial activity

Abstract : New ternary chiral Cu(ii) complexes 1a and b derived from l- and d-phenylalanine and 1,10-phenanthroline were synthesized and characterized thoroughly by single crystal X-ray diffraction and other spectroscopic techniques viz. UV-vis, IR, EPR, ESI-MS and elemental analysis. The complexes crystallized in the monoclinic P21 space group, possessing the lattice parameters a = 5.74690(10) Å, b = 20.6365(2) Å, c = 9.28010(10) Å, α = γ = 90°, and β = 98.2040(10) in complex 1a and a = 5.728(5) Å, b = 20.587(5) Å, c = 9.252(5) Å, α = γ = 90°, and β = 98.308(5) in complex 1b per unit cell, respectively. Comparative in vitro RNA binding studies of the l- and d-enantiomeric complexes, 1a and b, were carried out by a variety of optical spectroscopy techniques viz. UV-vis, fluorescence, and circular dichroism. Because copper is a redox metal ion, cyclic voltammetry was employed to evaluate the enantioselective RNA binding of the complexes. The results demonstrated that the l-enantiomer of Cu(ii) complex, 1a, binds more strongly to the t-RNA motif than the d-enantiomer, thereby underlining the differential disposition of the enantiomers and the site preference of RNA for the l-enantiomer over the d-enantiomer. Furthermore, the comparative Kb, K and Ksv values of the l- and d-complexes demonstrated significant increases for the l-enantiomer of the copper complex, 1a, in comparison to its d-enantiomeric form, 1b. SEM analysis divulged surface morphological alteration of complexes 1a and b, evidenced by the formation of hollow tubes and a concrete-like structure with the RNA condensate, which was less pronounced in SEM micrographs of the complex 1b condensate. Complexes 1a and b were evaluated by the agar well diffusion method and demonstrated significant antibacterial activity. © 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01372793
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 27, 2016 - 4:30:21 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 3, 2020 - 10:45:29 AM

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S. Sharma, Loic Toupet, M. Ahmad, F. Arjmand. Synthesis, characterization, and crystal structure of RNA targeted l- and d-phenylalanine-(1,10-phen)-copper(II) conjugate complexes: Comparative: in vitro RNA binding profile of enantiomers and their biological evaluation by morphological studies and antibacterial activity. RSC Advances, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2016, 6 (83), pp.79372--79382. ⟨10.1039/c6ra14503e⟩. ⟨hal-01372793⟩

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