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Mapping and Characterization of Hydrological Dynamics in a Coastal Marsh Using High Temporal Resolution Sentinel-1A Images

Cecile Cazals 1 Sebastien Rapinel 2 Pierre-Louis Frison 1 Anne Bonis 2 Grégoire Mercier 3, 4 Clément Mallet 1 Samuel Corgne 5 Jean-Paul Rudant 1
1 MATIS - Méthodes d'Analyses pour le Traitement d'Images et la Stéréorestitution
LaSTIG - Laboratoire des Sciences et Technologies de l'Information Géographique
Lab-STICC - Laboratoire des sciences et techniques de l'information, de la communication et de la connaissance
5 LETG - Rennes - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique
LETG - Littoral, Environnement, Télédétection, Géomatique UMR 6554
Abstract : In Europe, water levels in wetlands are widely controlled by environmental managers and farmers. However, the influence of these management practices on hydrodynamics and biodiversity remains poorly understood. This study assesses advantages of using radar data from the recently launched Sentinel-1A satellite to monitor hydrological dynamics of the Poitevin marshland in western France. We analyze a time series of 14 radar images acquired in VV and HV polarizations from December 2014 to May 2015 with a 12-day time step. Both polarizations are used with a hysteresis thresholding algorithm which uses both spatial and temporal information to distinguish open water, flooded vegetation and non-flooded grassland. Classification results are compared to in situ piezometric measurements combined with a Digital Terrain Model derived from LiDAR data. Results reveal that open water is successfully detected, whereas flooded grasslands with emergent vegetation and fine-grained patterns are detected with moderate accuracy. Five hydrological regimes are derived from the flood duration and mapped. Analysis of time steps in the time series shows that decreased temporal repetitivity induces significant differences in estimates of flood duration. These results illustrate the great potential to monitor variations in seasonal floods with the high temporal frequency of Sentinel-1A acquisitions.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 30, 2016 - 2:28:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 21, 2021 - 3:39:43 AM

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Cecile Cazals, Sebastien Rapinel, Pierre-Louis Frison, Anne Bonis, Grégoire Mercier, et al.. Mapping and Characterization of Hydrological Dynamics in a Coastal Marsh Using High Temporal Resolution Sentinel-1A Images. Remote Sensing, MDPI, 2016, 8 (7), pp.570. ⟨10.3390/rs8070570⟩. ⟨hal-01374453⟩



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