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Exploratory study of the implications of research on the use of smart connected devices for prevention: a scoping review

Abstract : Background Smart devices and mobile applications are now an integral part of all aspects of everyday life. They are particularly numerous in the field of health, contributing to the movement called ehealth. What is the potential role of these devices as prevention supports? The purpose of this article is to provide an exploratory analysis of the use, efficacy and contribution to conventional prevention strategies. Methods To address this issue, we conducted a scoping-review on the basis of 105 publications from the fields of medicine and human sciences. Results Three dimensions of the use of smart devices in the field of health were identified: 1/a quantification tool allowing the users to measure their activities; 2/a tool of self-positioning in the community; 3/an interface between the medical world and the population, modifying the hierarchy of knowledge. However, few published studies have investigated the determinants of the efficacy of these devices and their impact on individual behaviours and professional health practices. Conclusion Based on the hypothesis of possible integration of these devices in prevention policies, it would be interesting to investigate two research issues: how and under what psycho-socio-environmental conditions can smart devices contribute to the adoption of positive health behaviours? To what degree does the use of smart devices modify the health care professional-patient relationship? Finding answers to these questions could help to define the real place of these devices in prevention strategies by determining their complementarity with respect to other prevention strategies, and the conditions of their efficacy on behaviours and inequalities.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01376242
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 4, 2016 - 3:12:15 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 7:46:03 PM

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Audrey Petit, Linda Cambon. Exploratory study of the implications of research on the use of smart connected devices for prevention: a scoping review. BMC Public Health, BioMed Central, 2016, 16 (1), pp.552. ⟨10.1186/s12889-016-3225-4⟩. ⟨hal-01376242⟩

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