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New Linear and Star-Shaped Thermogelling Poly([ R ]-3-hydroxybutyrate) Copolymers

Abstract : The synthesis of multi-arm poly([R]-3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB)-based triblock copolymers (poly([R]-3-hydroxybutyrate)-b-poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-b-[[poly(methyl ether methacrylate)-g-poly(ethylene glycol)]-co-[poly(methacrylate)-g-poly(propylene glycol)]], PHB-b-PNIPAAM-b-(PPEGMEMA-co-PPPGMA), and their subsequent self-assembly into thermo-responsive hydrogels is described. Atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAM) followed by poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMEMA) and poly(propylene glycol) methacrylate (PPGMA) was achieved from bromoesterified multi-arm PHB macroinitiators. The composition of the resulting copolymers was investigated by 1H and 13C J-MOD NMR spectroscopy as well as size-exclusion chromatography (SEC), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The copolymers featuring different architectures and distinct hydrophilic/hydrophobic contents were found to self-assemble into thermo-responsive gels in aqueous solution. Rheological studies indicated that the linear one-arm PHB-based copolymer tend to form a micellar solution, whereas the two- and four-arm PHB-based copolymers afforded gels with enhanced mechanical properties and solid-like behavior. These investigations are the first to correlate the gelation properties to the arm number of a PHB-based copolymer. All copolymers revealed a double thermo-responsive behavior due to the NIPAAM and PPGMA blocks, thus allowing first the copolymer self-assembly at room temperature, and then the delivery of a drug at body temperature (37 °C). The non-significant toxic response of the gels, as assessed by the cell viability of the CCD-112CoN human fibroblast cell line with different concentrations of the triblock copolymers ranging from 0.03 to 1 mg mL−1, suggest that these PHB-based thermo-responsive gels are promising candidate biomaterials for drug-delivery applications.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 10, 2016 - 4:23:42 PM
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Ghislaine Barouti, Sing Shy Liow, Qingqing Dou, Hongye Ye, Clément Orione, et al.. New Linear and Star-Shaped Thermogelling Poly([ R ]-3-hydroxybutyrate) Copolymers. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016, 22 (30), pp.10501 - 10512. ⟨10.1002/chem.201601404⟩. ⟨hal-01378704⟩

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