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Optimization Procedure for Planar Leaky-Wave Antennas With Flat-Topped Radiation Patterns

Abstract : We describe here an optimization procedure to shape the radiation pattern of planar two-dimensional (2-D) leaky-wave antennas. The structures under investigation are superstrate configurations made by partially reflecting screens (impedances sheets) over a ground plane and excited by open-ended waveguides. The antenna configuration providing the required radiation pattern is obtained by resorting to an ad hoc optimization procedure that minimizes the mean squared error between the target pattern and the actual radiated far field. The radiated field is analytically evaluated using a Green's function spectral approach to speed up the optimization process. Several kinds of radiation patterns can be obtained using the proposed algorithm. In this work, we focus our attention on flat-topped radiation patterns, suitable as element pattern for phased array antennas covering a limited angular field of view such as those considered for space applications. The proposed procedure is validated by full-wave results and measurements.
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Optimization Procedure for Pla...
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Francesco Scattone, Mauro Ettorre, Ronan Sauleau, Ngoc Tinh Nguyen, Nelson J. G. Fonseca. Optimization Procedure for Planar Leaky-Wave Antennas With Flat-Topped Radiation Patterns. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015, 63 (12), pp.5854--5859. ⟨10.1109/TAP.2015.2479242⟩. ⟨hal-01380051⟩



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