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Elasticity and viscosity of BaO-TiO2-SiO2 glasses in the 0.9 to 1.2T(g) temperature interval

Abstract : In spite of the potential applications of glasses in the BaO-TiO2-SiO2 (BTS) system, the mechanical properties of these glasses were little studied so far. Several centimeters large batches of glasses along the 0.3BaO-xTiO(2)-(0.7 - x)SiO2 composition line were prepared. Their creep behavior and elastic moduli were investigated as a function of x (from x = 0 to x = 0.3). Titanium increases the atomic packing density as well as the volume density of energy and so do the elastic moduli. An excellent agreement is found between the elastic softening index (alpha) and the liquid fragility (m) (according to Angell's concept [1]). Nevertheless, as TiO2 is added the glass-forming liquid becomes more "fragile". The explanation might lie in the structural similarity between the fresnoite crystal and the glass structure consisting of island-like Si-Ti rich units surrounded by barium-rich channels. These islands would contribute to the increase in rigidity whereas the Ba-rich channels, acting as a lubricant, would make the viscous flow more temperature sensitive.
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Pierre Mezeix, Fabrice Célarié, Patrick Houizot, Yann Gueguen, Francisco Munoz, et al.. Elasticity and viscosity of BaO-TiO2-SiO2 glasses in the 0.9 to 1.2T(g) temperature interval. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, 2016, 445-446, pp.45--52. ⟨10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2016.05.006⟩. ⟨hal-01395442⟩

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