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Single Muscle Immobilization Decreases Single-Fibre Myosin Heavy Chain Polymorphism: Possible Involvement of p38 and JNK MAP Kinases

Abstract : Purpose Muscle contractile phenotype is affected during immobilization. Myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms are the major determinant of the muscle contractile phenotype. We therefore sought to evaluate the effects of muscle immobilization on both the MHC composition at single-fibre level and the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), a family of intracellular signaling pathways involved in the stress-induced muscle plasticity. Methods The distal tendon of female Wistar rat Peroneus Longus (PL) was cut and fixed to the adjacent bone at neutral muscle length. Four weeks after the surgery, immobilized and contralateral PL were dissociated and the isolated fibres were sampled to determine MHC composition. Protein kinase 38 (p38), extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK1/2), and c-Jun-NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) phosphorylations were measured in 6-and 15-day immobilized and contralateral PL. Results MHC distribution in immobilized PL was as follows: I = 0%, IIa = 11.8 +/- 2.8%, IIx = 53.0 +/- 6.1%, IIb = 35.3 +/- 7.3% and I = 6.1 +/- 3.9%, IIa = 22.1 +/- 3.4%, IIx = 46.6 +/- 4.5%, IIb = 25.2 +/- 6.6% in contralateral muscle. The MHC composition in immobilized muscle is consistent with a faster contractile phenotype according to the Hill's model of the force-velocity relationship. Immobilized and contralateral muscles displayed a polymorphism index of 31.1% (95% CI 26.1-36.0) and 39.3% (95% CI 37.0-41.5), respectively. Significant increases in p38 and JNK phosphorylation were observed following 6 and 15 days of immobilization. Conclusions Single muscle immobilization at neutral length induces a shift of MHC composition toward a faster contractile phenotype and decreases the polymorphic profile of single fibres. Activation of p38 and JNK could be a potential mechanism involved in these contractile phenotype modifications during muscle immobilization.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 10:20:26 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 31, 2022 - 3:40:57 AM

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Frédéric Derbré, Mickael Droguet, Karelle Léon, Samuel Troadec, Jean-Pierre Pennec, et al.. Single Muscle Immobilization Decreases Single-Fibre Myosin Heavy Chain Polymorphism: Possible Involvement of p38 and JNK MAP Kinases. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 11 (7), pp.e0158630. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0158630⟩. ⟨hal-01397593⟩



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