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Redox Status of Professional Soccer Players is Influenced by Training Load Throughout a Season

Abstract : The purpose of this study was to follow-up the variation of pro-/antioxidant status throughout a whole season in elite professional soccer players from the French league (n = 19, 18.3 +/- 0.6 years) and to examine a possible link between these variations and training load. 5 time points (T1, T2, T3, T4, T5) were proposed to surround crucial periods of training during the whole season: the pre-season training/mid-season periods (T1-T2 and T3-T4), the championship or in-season periods (T2-T3 and T4-T5). At these times, blood samples were collected to measure pro-/antioxidant status (in erythrocytes: the ratio of reduced glutathione/oxidized glutathione, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase activities, in plasma: alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene), and dietary intakes were also recorded. Training loads were quantified by the rating of perceived exertion method weekly throughout the season. Pro-/antioxidant-related measurements showed no modifications except for GSH/GSSG ratio, which evolved significantly between season periods: from 36.43 +/- 4.15 (T1) to 115.99 +/- 16.43 (T2) to 91.64 +/- 21.24 (T3) to 202.29 +/- 29.26 (T4) to 59.61 +/- 14.61 (T5). We observed a significant correlation (r(2) = 0.84) between changes in GSH/GSSH ratio and cumulated mean training loads. In conclusion, these results suggest that the redox status of professional soccer players is altered according to training period (in-season periods) and that GSH/GSSH ratio variations are correlated with cumulated training loads.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01397594
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 10:20:28 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 23, 2020 - 3:58:02 PM

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Emmeran Le Moal, C. Groussard, Thierry Paillard, K. Chaory, R. Le Bris, et al.. Redox Status of Professional Soccer Players is Influenced by Training Load Throughout a Season. International Journal of Sports Medicine, Thieme Publishing, 2016, 37 (9), pp.680--686. ⟨10.1055/s-0035-1565199⟩. ⟨hal-01397594⟩

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