Artériopathies périphériques juvéniles [Peripheral artery disease in patients younger than 50 years old: Which etiology?]

Résumé : Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) encompasses disease of all arteries of the body except the coronary arteries. The main etiology whatever the patient's age is atherosclerosis. Different etiologies can induce PAD especially when patients are younger than 50 years old and have no cardiovascular risk factors (smoking, hypertension, diabetes…). PAD that appears before 50 years old can be named juvenile PAD (JPAD) although there is no consensus about the definition. The aim of this work is to present the different etiologies of JPAD according to their hereditary, acquired or mixed origins. The following hereditary causes are addressed: Marfan syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, homocystinuria, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, osteogenesis imperfecta “mid-aortic” syndrome. Among the acquired etiologies, inflammatory JPADs without extravascular signs such as atherosclerosis and Buerger's disease, inflammatory JPADs with extravascular signs as Takayasu's disease, Behçet's disease and Cogan's syndrome, JPADs like aortitis, embolic JPADs, iatrogenic JPADs, and mechanical or traumatic JPADs are described. Finally, mixed origins as thrombotic disease and fibromuscular dysplasia are presented. This work will assist clinicians in the diagnosis of JPAD. © 2016 Elsevier Masson SAS
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 16, 2016 - 11:39:41 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 25, 2020 - 10:22:49 AM

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S. Cotard, A. Nouni, V. Jaquinandi, G. Gladu, A. Kaladji, et al.. Artériopathies périphériques juvéniles [Peripheral artery disease in patients younger than 50 years old: Which etiology?]. Annales de Cardiologie et d'Angéiologie, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 65 (4), pp.275--285. ⟨10.1016/j.ancard.2016.04.027⟩. ⟨hal-01397761⟩

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