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Plastic crystal behavior, tight-binding modelling and low energy phonon spectroscopy in hybrid perovskites crystals

Abstract : In this paper, we examine recent theoretical investigations on 3D hybrid perovskites (HOP) that combine concepts developed for classical bulk solid-state physics and empirical simulations of their optoelectronic properties. In fact, the complexity of HOP calls for a coherent global view that combines usually disconnected concepts, related to classical semiconductors, perovskites and plastic crystals1. For the pseudocubic high temperature reference perovskite structure that plays a central role for 3D HOP, we introduce a new tight-binding Hamiltonian, which specifically includes spin-orbit coupling. The resultant electronic band structure is compared to that obtained using state of the art density functional theory (DFT). Possible plastic crystal and orientational glass behaviors of HOP will be discussed, building on Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations and symmetry analyses of the cation stochastic reorientations. As available experimental or simulated data on low energy structural excitations are limited, large single crystals of MAPbBr3 have been grown and used to perform neutron and Brillouin scattering and ultrasonic characterization of low frequency acoustic phonons, as well as relaxation modes in different energy ranges. Neutron scattering experiments further reveal that the MAPbBr3 crystal presents a coexistence of crystalline domains below the cubic to tetragonal phase transition at Tc=225K. This observation is consistent with the improper ferroelastic character of the phase transition as predicted from the symmetry analysis of phonon and molecular relaxational modes. [1]Even, J., Carignano, M. & Katan, C. “Molecular disorder and translation/rotation coupling in the plastic crystal phase of hybrid perovskites.” Nanoscale DOI: 10.1039/C5NR06386H, (2016)
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Contributor : Claudine Katan <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 26, 2017 - 6:00:05 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:41:57 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-01420429, version 1


Jacky Even, Serge Paofai, Philippe Bourges, Antoine Létoublon, Stéphane Cordier, et al.. Plastic crystal behavior, tight-binding modelling and low energy phonon spectroscopy in hybrid perovskites crystals. Hybrid and Organic Photovoltaics Conference (HOPV 2016), Jun 2016, Swansea, United Kingdom. ⟨hal-01420429⟩



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