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Natural convection of CNT water-based nanofluids in a differentially heated square cavity

Abstract : The present paper deals with the prediction of average Nusselt number in a differentially heated square cavity filled with Newtonian and non-Newtonian CNT nanofluids. Based on thermophysical properties which were experimentally evaluated, available correlations are used for estimating the Nusselt number and heat transfer coefficient of natural convection of CNT nanofluids with volume fractions in a range of 0.0055 to 0.418 %. The effects of surfactant, average temperature of nanofluids within the cavity, driving temperature of cavity walls on Nusselt number are investigated and discussed. A peculiar attention is devoted to the non-Newtonian nature of CNT nanofluids in the analysis. It is found in particular that Nusselt number of nanofluids is lowered by nanoparticle content increase related to Non-Newtonian behaviour of nanofluids and temperature increase.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01445989
Contributor : Patrice Estellé <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 25, 2017 - 3:00:57 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 27, 2020 - 3:10:55 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, April 26, 2017 - 3:26:17 PM

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Patrice Estellé, Omid Mahian, Thierry Maré, Hakan Öztop. Natural convection of CNT water-based nanofluids in a differentially heated square cavity. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, Springer Verlag, 2017, 128 (3), pp.1765-1770. ⟨10.1007/s10973-017-6102-1⟩. ⟨hal-01445989⟩

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