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Efficacy and safety of prehospital administration of unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin or bivalirudin in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the ORBI registry

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Despite numerous studies in recent years, the best anticoagulant option for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains a matter of debate. AIMS: To compare in-hospital outcomes after prehospital administration of low-dose unfractionated heparin (UFH)±glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitors (GPIs), enoxaparin±GPIs, or bivalirudin in patients undergoing primary PCI for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: A total of 1720 patients (median age 62.0 years, 79.2% male) who had been enrolled in a prospective registry and received an injectable anticoagulant in physician-staffed mobile intensive care units before primary PCI were included in the study. The main outcomes were in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (a composite of all-cause mortality, non-fatal myocardial infarction, stroke or definite stent thrombosis) and in-hospital major bleeding (Bleeding academic research consortium type 3 or 5). RESULTS: UFH was administered in 420 (24.4%) patients, enoxaparin in 1163 (67.6%) patients and bivalirudin in 137 patients (8.0%). Rates of in-hospital MACE were 7.4% with UFH, 6.0% with enoxaparin and 6.6% with bivalirudin, with no significant differences between groups (P=0.628). In-hospital major bleeding occurred in 1.7% of patients on UFH, 1.4% on enoxaparin and 1.5% on bivalirudin (P=0.851). By multivariable analysis, the prehospital anticoagulant used was not an independent predictor of MACE or major bleeding. CONCLUSION: In this prospective registry, there were no significant differences in the rates of in-hospital MACE or major bleeding after prehospital initiation of UFH, enoxaparin or bivalirudin in patients treated by primary PCI for STEMI.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01446569
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, January 26, 2017 - 10:21:43 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:06:34 AM

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Vincent Auffret, Guillaume Leurent, Dominique Boulmier, Marc Bedossa, Amer Zabalawi, et al.. Efficacy and safety of prehospital administration of unfractionated heparin, enoxaparin or bivalirudin in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: Insights from the ORBI registry. Archives of cardiovascular diseases, Elsevier/French Society of Cardiology, 2016, 109 (12), pp.696-707. ⟨10.1016/j.acvd.2015.10.007⟩. ⟨hal-01446569⟩

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