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Inhibition of SLC drug transporter activities by environmental bisphenols

Abstract : The plastic component bisphenol A (BPA) is suspected to exert deleterious effects towards human health and targets various cellular and molecular pathways, including activity of ATP-binding cassette drug transporters. The present study was designed to determine whether BPA and some derivatives, like its substitutes bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS) and the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), may additionally interact with solute carrier (SLC) drug transporters. Activities of the various following SLC transporters were inhibited in a major way (by > 60%) by 100 μM bisphenols: OCT1 and MATE1 (by BPA and TBBPA), OATP1B1 (by BPA, BPF and TBBPA), OATP1B3 and NTCP (by TBBPA) and OAT3 (by BPA, BPF, BPS and TBBPA); by contrast, activities of other transporters were not impacted (MATE2-K) or were stimulated (notably OCT1 by BPS and OCT2 by BPF). Transporter inhibitions due to bisphenols were concentrations-dependent, with half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC50) ranging from 0.5 μM to 73.5 μM. BPA was finally shown to be not transported by OAT3, although inhibiting this transporter in a competitive manner. Taken together, these data indicate that bisphenols interact with SLC transporters, at concentration levels however rather higher than those occurring in humans in response to environmental exposure. © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 14, 2017 - 3:22:55 PM
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A. Bruyere, Cédric Hubert, M. Le Vee, L. Chedik, K. Sayyed, et al.. Inhibition of SLC drug transporter activities by environmental bisphenols. Toxicology in Vitro, Elsevier, 2017, 40, pp.34--44. ⟨10.1016/j.tiv.2016.12.009⟩. ⟨hal-01467545⟩



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