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Effets immunotoxiques des polluants environnementaux : exemple des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques

Abstract : The immune system contributes to maintaining the integrity of the organism. It can be the target of many xenobiotics, and immunotoxicology attempts to analyze the immunological alterations caused by exposure to these xenobiotics. Several environmental pollutants are strongly suspected of acting on the immune system to cause a decrease in the organism protective functions. Thus, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, well known for their carcinogenic effects, have also been shown to induce immunosuppressive effects, pro-inflammatory actions and some hypersensitivity reactions, involved in the development of various pathologies. These different immunotoxic effects have mainly been identified by experimental studies on animals and our knowledge of the effects on humans remains incomplete. To better understand the immunotoxic effects of exposure to environmental pollutants and their consequences for human health, it is appropriate to strengthen immunotoxicology studies on humans.
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Lydie Sparfel. Effets immunotoxiques des polluants environnementaux : exemple des hydrocarbures aromatiques polycycliques. Archives des Maladies Professionnelles et de L'Environnement, Elsevier Masson, 2016, 77 (6), pp.990-997. ⟨10.1016/j.admp.2016.09.003⟩. ⟨hal-01467562⟩

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