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Mutational analysis of anal cancers demonstrates frequent PIK3CA mutations associated with poor outcome after salvage abdominoperineal resection

Abstract : Background: A better understanding of the molecular profile of anal squamous cell carcinomas (ASCCs) is necessary to consider new therapeutic approaches, and the identification of prognostic and predictive factors for response to treatment. Methods: We retrospectively analysed tumours from ASCC patients for mutational analysis of KRAS, NRAS, HRAS, BRAF, PIK3CA, MET, TP53 and FBXW7 genes by HRM and Sanger sequencing analysis. Results: Specimens from 148 patients were analysed: 96 treatment-naive tumours and 52 recurrences after initial radiotherapy (RT) or chemoradiotherapy (CRT). Mutations of KRAS, PIK3CA, FBXW7 and TP53 genes were present in 3 (2.0%), 30 (20.3%), 9 (6.1%) and 7 tumours (4.7%), respectively. The distribution of the mutations was similar between treatment-naive tumours and recurrences, except for TP53 mutations being more frequent in recurrences (P = 0.0005). In patients treated with abdominoperineal resection (APR) after relapse (n = 38, median follow-up of 18.2 years), overall survival (OS) was significantly correlated with HPV16 status (P = 0.048), gender (P = 0.045) and PIK3CA mutation (P = 0.037). The PIK3CA status retained its prognostic significance in Cox multivariate regression analysis (P = 0.025). Conclusions: Our study identified PIK3CA mutation as an independent prognostic factor in patients who underwent APR for ASCC recurrence, suggesting a potential benefit from adjuvant treatment and the evaluation of targeted therapies with PI3K/Akt/mTor inhibitors in PIK3CA-mutated patients.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01478384
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 28, 2017 - 10:32:42 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:45:24 AM

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Wulfran Cacheux, Etienne Rouleau, Adrien Briaux, Petros Tsantoulis, Pascale Mariani, et al.. Mutational analysis of anal cancers demonstrates frequent PIK3CA mutations associated with poor outcome after salvage abdominoperineal resection. British Journal of Cancer, Cancer Research UK, 2016, 114 (12), pp.1387--1394. ⟨10.1038/bjc.2016.144⟩. ⟨hal-01478384⟩

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