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Potential Host Manipulation by the Aphid Parasitoid Aphidius avenae to Enhance Cold Tolerance

Abstract : During parasitoid development, the immature parasitoid is confined to the host species. As a result, any potential to modify the physiology or behaviour of the host could play an important role in parasitoid fitness. The potential for host manipulation by the aphid parasitoid Aphidius avenae to increase cold thermotolerance was investigated using the aphid host species Metopolophium dirhodum and Sitobion avenae. Aphids were parasitized at L3/L4 instar stage (5 d old) and allowed to develop into pre-reproductive adults (10 d old) containing a 5 d old parasitoid larva. A control group was created of non-parasitized pre-reproductive adults (10 d old). The inherent physiological thermotolerance (LT50) and potential behavioural thermoregulation (behaviour in a declining temperature regime) of parasitized and non-parasitized aphids were investigated. Results revealed no effect of parasitism on the physiological thermotolerance of S. avenae and M. dirhodum. Significant differences in the behaviour of parasitized and non-parasitized aphids were observed, in addition to differences between host species, and such behaviours are discussed in view of the potential for host manipulation.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, March 2, 2017 - 12:04:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:35:04 AM

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Lucy Alford, Annabelle Androdias, Thomas Franco, Jean-Sébastien Pierre, Françoise Burel, et al.. Potential Host Manipulation by the Aphid Parasitoid Aphidius avenae to Enhance Cold Tolerance. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2016, 11 (12), pp.e0168693. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0168693⟩. ⟨hal-01481170⟩



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