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Peri-operative pain and its consequences

Abstract : Recent advances in the management of peri-operative pain principally concern the recognition of the risk of developing pain chronicity. The best identified risk factors for pain chronicity are the presence of pain pre-operatively, pre-operative opioid use, and the intensity of post-operative pain. Ideal management of peri-operative pain in 2015 aims to optimize postoperative pain management, to detect the risk of pain chronicity begins pre-operatively with early detection of risk factors for chronicity. In terms of treatment, the systematic and generous use of morphine has shown its limitations, particularly due to reduced efficacy for movement-related pain. Meanwhile, opioid side effects can be very debilitating for the patient, leading to delay in post-operative rehabilitation, a dose-dependent hyperalgesic effect resulting in both acute and chronic pain, immune modulation that may have a deleterious impact on infectious complications or cancer [1], and, finally, some question of possible neurotoxicity. Therefore, modern analgesia depends on both intra-operative and post-operative morphine sparing. The goal at the present time is to obtain optimal analgesia that allows rapid rehabilitation without sequelae or chronicity through the use of drugs and/or techniques to avoid the need for opioid medications. (C) 2016 Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
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H. Beloeil, L. Sulpice. Peri-operative pain and its consequences. Journal of Visceral Surgery, Elsevier, 2016, 153 (6), pp.S15--S18. ⟨10.1016/j.jviscsurg.2016.09.004⟩. ⟨hal-01481460⟩



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