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Impulsive oculomotor action selection in Parkinson's disease

Abstract : The effects of Parkinson's disease (PD) on the dynamics of impulsive action selection and suppression have recently been studied using distributional analyses, but with mixed results, especially for selection. Furthermore, some authors have suggested that impulsivity, regarded as a personality trait, shares common features with behavioral tasks' measures. The current study was designed to clarify the impact of PD on impulsive action selection and suppression, and investigate the link between cognitive action control and self-reported impulsivity. We administered an oculomotor version of the Simon task to 32 patients with PD and 32 matched healthy controls (HC), and conducted distributional analyses in accordance with the activation-suppression model. Patients and HC also filled out the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) questionnaire. Results showed that patients with PD were faster overall and exhibited a greater congruence effect than HC. They also displayed enhanced impulsive action selection. By contrast, the suppression of impulsive responses was similar across both groups. Furthermore, patients had higher impulsivity scores, which were correlated with higher impulsive action selection and higher suppression. Our study yielded two interesting findings. First, PD resulted in a higher number of fast errors. The activation-suppression model suggests that patients with PD are more susceptible to the impulsive action selection induced by the irrelevant stimulus dimension. Second, impulsive action selection and suppression were both associated with trait impulsivity, as measured by the BIS, indicating that these two aspects of impulsivity share common features.
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01484975
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 11, 2017 - 12:00:29 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 18, 2020 - 9:29:06 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, July 12, 2017 - 12:54:37 PM

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Joan Duprez, Jean-François Houvenaghel, Soizic Argaud, Florian Naudet, Gabriel Robert, et al.. Impulsive oculomotor action selection in Parkinson's disease. Neuropsychologia, Elsevier, 2017, 95, pp.250-258. ⟨10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.12.027⟩. ⟨hal-01484975⟩

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