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Thermal Model of Electromagnetic Skin-Equivalent Phantom at Millimeter Waves

Abstract : This paper reports the first thermal model and detailed analysis of the heating of an electromagnetic (EM) skinequivalent phantom with a finite thickness at 60 GHz. The 1-D heat transfer equation is solved analytically for homogeneous phantoms with finite thicknesses. The temperature rise dynamics and heating distribution within the phantom are calculated for several phantom thicknesses (5, 10, and 15 mm) using measured thermal properties of the phantom. Analytical results are confirmed by numerical analysis based on EM-thermal cosimulations. Furthermore, the numerical model is validated by measurements using an experimental setup based on the high-resolution infrared thermometry. The impact of uncertainty of EM and the thermal parameters of the numerical model upon heat deposition is also studied. Our results reveal that, for short exposure durations (i.e., less than 1 min), the surface temperature is well described by the semi-infinite and finite-thickness phantom models, whereas, for longer exposures (more than 1 min), finite-thickness models must be used to properly account for heating accumulation close to the phantom boundaries. While the reported results cannot be directly used for predicting temperature increase in skin, they are of importance for temperature-based dosimetric assessment in the millimeter-wave band using currently available homogeneous phantoms.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, April 5, 2017 - 1:48:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 23, 2021 - 2:57:13 PM



Carole Leduc, Maxim Zhadobov. Thermal Model of Electromagnetic Skin-Equivalent Phantom at Millimeter Waves. IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 65 (3), pp.1036--1045. ⟨10.1109/TMTT.2016.2638816⟩. ⟨hal-01502343⟩



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