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Device-specific evaluation of intraventricular left ventricular assist device position by quantitative coaxiality analysis.

Abstract : Background - Patient-specific anatomy may influence the final intraventricular positioning of inflow cannula in left ventricular assist device (LVAD) recipients. An association exists between such positioning and clinical outcomes (specifically, orientation toward the interventricular septum has negative prognostic implications). Alternative commercially available LVADs are characterized by markedly different design, with potential consequences on intrathoracic fitting among individual patients. Material and methods - A cohort of 13 LVAD recipients (either HeartMate II-group A or Jarvik 2000 Flowmaker-group B) was evaluated. On postoperative computed tomography scans, we reconstructed the implanted LVAD (semiautomatic segmentation), defined the target mitral orifice (3D Slicer software), and built a coordinate system to quantify the coaxiality of the cannula with the mitral valve axis (angles φ and θ, expressed as percentage variation from the ideal value φ = θ = 0°). Results - Group A presented significantly greater average percentage variation of the φ angle (significantly greater orientation of the intraventricular cannula toward the interventricular septum; 33.2% ± 32.1% versus 1.9% ± 0.9%, P = 0.001). Group A presented significantly greater average percentage variation of the θ angle (52.7% ± 23.6% versus 14.5% ± 6.3%, P = 0.013). Conclusions - The device assessed in group B showed in the present series better average coaxiality with the mitral orifice. Such finding is related with its design (total intraventricular placement) and interaction with thoracic structures. The present method is being integrated in the development of LVAD virtual implantation tools and may help physicians in patient-specific selection among alternative devices.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 5, 2017 - 12:29:56 PM
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Amedeo Anselmi, Sophie Collin, Pascal Haigron, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Erwan Flecher. Device-specific evaluation of intraventricular left ventricular assist device position by quantitative coaxiality analysis.. Journal of Surgical Research, Elsevier, 2017, 213, pp.110-114. ⟨10.1016/j.jss.2017.02.027⟩. ⟨hal-01508419⟩

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