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Enzymatic antioxidant responses and mineral status in roots and leaves of olive plants subjected to fluoride stress

Abstract : Fluoride (F) as one of the most toxic pollutants affecting the environment severely restricted plant growth and development. The Fluoride toxicity was studied in young olive plants (Olea europaea L. cv Chemlali), which were irrigated for 5 months with increasing NaF concentration: 0 (control), 20, 40, and 80 mM NaF. The NaF application resulted in an increase of the F content in plant tissues with a higher level in roots compared to leaves. Olive plants treated with 20 or 40 mM NaF maintained their mineral status and activated their antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase). In fact, lipid peroxidation and electrolyte leakage were not affected in the plant leaves. However, olive plants treated with 80 mM NaF showed (i) the highest reduction of antioxidant enzyme activities and mineral contents, and (ii) an increase of oxidative stress markers such as hydrogen peroxide, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and electrolyte leakage in both roots and leaves. © 2017
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https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01515161
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 27, 2017 - 9:46:19 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 11, 2020 - 3:16:11 AM

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M. Zouari, N. Elloumi, K. Bellassoued, C. Ben Ahmed, M. Krayem, et al.. Enzymatic antioxidant responses and mineral status in roots and leaves of olive plants subjected to fluoride stress. South African Journal of Botany, Elsevier, 2017, 111, pp.44--49. ⟨10.1016/j.sajb.2017.03.039⟩. ⟨hal-01515161⟩

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