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Lens Antenna for Wide Angle Beam Scanning at 79 GHz for Automotive Short Range Radar Applications

Abstract : This communication presents the design and experimental verification of a substrate integrated waveguide fed lens antenna for 79 GHz automotive radar applications. The proposed integrated lens antenna consists of a six layer cylindrical Luneburg lens illuminated by 17 source elements of substrate integrated waveguide fed by a planar log periodic dipole antenna array. The Luneburg lens is developed by using a unique foam material AirexR82 (r = 1.12), which is drilled and pressed to achieve the different dielectric constant needed to follow the index law inside the lens. The return loss and the radiation characteristics of the proposed integrated lens antenna are investigated and validated by measurements. A good agreement between the measured and simulated results is observed. The measured results confirm the beam scanning capability of the proposed integrated lens antenna for a wide scan angle of ±85° in azimuth plane having a maximum antenna gain of 15 dBi at 82.5 GHz and gain drop of less than 2.75 dB for the edge feeds. The estimated radiation efficiency of the antenna is found to be 67% at 82.5 GHz. © 1963-2012 IEEE.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 10, 2017 - 5:31:00 PM
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M. Kamran Saleem, H. Vettikaladi, M.A.S. Alkanhal, Mohamed Himdi. Lens Antenna for Wide Angle Beam Scanning at 79 GHz for Automotive Short Range Radar Applications. IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017, 65 (4), pp.2041--2046. ⟨10.1109/TAP.2017.2669726⟩. ⟨hal-01520702⟩



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