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Model-guided control of hippocampal discharges by local direct current stimulation

Abstract : Neurostimulation is an emerging treatment for drug-resistant epilepsies when surgery is contraindicated. Recent clinical results demonstrate significant seizure frequency reduction in epileptic patients, however the mechanisms underlying this therapeutic effect are largely unknown. This study aimed at gaining insights into local direct current stimulation (LDCS) effects on hyperexcitable tissue, by i) analyzing the impact of electrical currents locally applied on epileptogenic brain regions, and ii) characterizing currents achieving an "anti-epileptic" effect (excitability reduction). First, a neural mass model of hippocampal circuits was extended to accurately reproduce the features of hippocampal paroxysmal discharges (HPD) observed in a mouse model of epilepsy. Second, model predictions regarding current intensity and stimulation polarity were confronted to in vivo mice recordings during LDCS (n = 8). The neural mass model was able to generate realistic hippocampal discharges. Simulation of LDCS in the model pointed at a significant decrease of simulated HPD (in duration and occurrence rate, not in amplitude) for cathodal stimulation, which was successfully verified experimentally in epileptic mice. Despite the simplicity of our stimulation protocol, these results contribute to a better understanding of clinical benefits observed in epileptic patients with implanted neurostimulators. Our results also provide further support for model-guided design of neuromodulation therapy.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 6, 2017 - 2:40:57 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 14, 2022 - 10:20:04 AM

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Faten Mina, Julien Modolo, Fanny Recher, Gabriel Dieuset, Arnaud Biraben, et al.. Model-guided control of hippocampal discharges by local direct current stimulation. Scientific Reports, 2017, 7 (1), pp.1708. ⟨10.1038/s41598-017-01867-1⟩. ⟨hal-01533430⟩



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