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Random forests to predict tumor recurrence following cervical cancer therapy using pre- and per-treatment F-18-FDG PET parameters

Abstract : The ability to predict tumor recurrence after chemoradiotherapy of locally advanced cervical cancer is a crucial clinical issue to intensify the treatment of the most high-risk patients. The objective of this study was to investigate tumor metabolism characteristics extracted from pre- and per-treatment F-18-FDG PET images to predict 3-year overall recurrence (OR). A total of 53 locally advanced cervical cancer patients underwent pre-and per-treatment F-18-FDG PET (respectively PET1 and PET2). Tumor metabolism was characterized through several delineations using different thresholds, based on a percentage of the maximum uptake, and applied by region-growing. The SUV distribution in PET1 and PET2 within each segmented region was characterized through 7 intensity and histogram-based parameters, 9 shape descriptors and 16 textural features for a total of 1026 parameters. Predictive capability of the extracted parameters was assessed using the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) associated to univariate logistic regression models and random forest (RF) classifier. In univariate analyses, 36 parameters were highly significant predictors of 3-year OR (p < 0.01), AUC ranging from 0.72 to 0.83. With RF, the Out-of-Bag (OOB) error rate using the totality of the extracted parameters was 26.42% (AUC=0.72). By recursively eliminating the less important variables, OOB error rate of the RF classifier using the nine most important parameters was 13.21% (AUC=0.90). Results suggest that both pre-and per-treatment F-18-FDG PET exams provide meaningful information to predict the tumor recurrence. RF classifier is able to handle a very large number of extracted features and allows the combination of the most prognostic parameters to improve the prediction.
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Conference papers
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 6, 2017 - 2:41:00 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 3, 2021 - 7:54:27 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-01533433, version 1


Geoffrey Roman-Jimenez, Oscar Acosta, Julie Leseur, Anne Devillers, Henri Der Sarkissian, et al.. Random forests to predict tumor recurrence following cervical cancer therapy using pre- and per-treatment F-18-FDG PET parameters. 38th Annual International Conference of the IEEE-Engineering-in-Medicine-and-Biology-Society (EMBC), Aug 2016, Orlando, FL, United States. pp.2444--2447. ⟨hal-01533433⟩



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