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Ecophylogeny of the endospheric root fungal microbiome of co-occurring Agrostis stolonifera

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Within the root endosphere, fungi are known to be important for plant nutrition and resistance to stresses. However, description and understanding of the rules governing community assembly in the fungal fraction of the plant microbiome remains scarce. METHODS: We used an innovative DNA- and RNA-based analysis of co-extracted nucleic acids to reveal the complexity of the fungal community colonizing the roots of an Agrostis stolonifera population. The normalized RNA/DNA ratio, designated the 'mean expression ratio', was used as a functional trait proxy. The link between this trait and phylogenetic relatedness was measured using the Blomberg's K statistic. RESULTS: Fungal communities were highly diverse. Only ∼1.5% of the 635 OTUs detected were shared by all individuals, however these accounted for 33% of the sequence number. The endophytic fungal communities in plant roots exhibit phylogenetic clustering that can be explained by a plant host effect acting as environmental filter. The 'mean expression ratio' displayed significant but divergent phylogenetic signals between fungal phyla. DISCUSSION: These results suggest that environmental filtering by the host plant favours the co-existence of related and similar OTUs within the Basidiomycota community assembly, whereas the Ascomycota and Glomeromycota communities seem to be impacted by competitive interactions which promote the co-existence of phylogenetically related but ecologically dissimilar OTUs.
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Contributor : Laurent Jonchère Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 4, 2017 - 10:11:44 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 5:34:13 AM

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Amandine Lê Van, Achim Quaiser, Marie Duhamel, Sophie Michon-Coudouel, Alexis Dufresne, et al.. Ecophylogeny of the endospheric root fungal microbiome of co-occurring Agrostis stolonifera. PeerJ, PeerJ, 2017, 5, pp.e3454. ⟨10.7717/peerj.3454⟩. ⟨hal-01555396⟩



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