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Clinicopathological characteristics of ROS1- and RET-rearranged NSCLC in caucasian patients. Data from a cohort of 713 non-squamous NSCLC lacking KRAS/EGFR/HER2/BRAF/PIK3CA/ALK alterations

Abstract : Targeted therapies have substantially changed the management of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with driver oncogenes. Given the high frequency, and aberrations were the first to be detected and paved the way for tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatments. Other kinases such as and more recently have emerged as promising targets, and ROS1 and RET TKIs are already available for precision medicine. We screened a large cohort of 713 Caucasian non-squamous NSCLC patients lacking ///// aberrations for and rearrangements using fluorescence hybridization to determine the frequency and clinicopathological characteristics of ROS1- and RET-positive patients. Frequencies of and rearrangements were 2.1% and 2.52%, respectively. Contrary to common belief, both and rearrangements were detected in patients with a history of smoking, and the -positive patients were not younger than the negative patients. Moreover, but not rearrangement was associated with the female gender. Nearly half of the -rearranged patients were successfully treated with ROS1 TKIs. In contrast, only 5/18 RET-positive patients received off-label RET TKIs. Two patients had stable disease, and three experienced disease progression. In addition to the 18 RET-positive cases, 10 showed isolated 5' signals. The clinical relevance is unknown but if the frequency is confirmed by other groups, the question whether these patients are eligible to TKIs will arise. More potent RET TKIs are under development and may improve the response rate in RET-positive patients. Therefore, we recommend the routine implementation of RET testing in non-squamous NSCLC patients, including those with a history of smoking.
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Frédéric Dugay, Francisco Llamas-Gutierrez, Marjory Gournay, Sarah Médane, Francois Mazet, et al.. Clinicopathological characteristics of ROS1- and RET-rearranged NSCLC in caucasian patients. Data from a cohort of 713 non-squamous NSCLC lacking KRAS/EGFR/HER2/BRAF/PIK3CA/ALK alterations. Oncotarget, Impact journals, 2017, 8 (32), pp.53336-53351. ⟨10.18632/oncotarget.18408⟩. ⟨hal-01578586⟩

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