Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Discrepancies in Prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease between Lower Extremities at Rest and Postexercise

Abstract : Background  Lower extremity peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common medical condition causing substantial morbidity. Limited data exist on whether discrepancies in PAD prevalence exist between the lower extremities using resting ankle-brachial indices (ABIs) and postexercise pressures. Objective  We predicted the prevalence of PAD between the lower extremities. Methods and Results  Consecutive patients who had undergone a noninvasive arterial lower extremity study at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, between January 1996 and December 2012 with suspected PAD were retrospectively reviewed. We identified 12,312 consecutive patients who underwent an arterial lower extremity and an exercise treadmill study. Prevalence of PAD was assessed at rest and after exercise using two criteria: a resting ABI ≤ 0.90 and a postexercise pressure decrease of > 30 mm Hg. Mean age was 67 ± 12 years and there were 4,780 (39%) women studied. At rest, we found a higher prevalence of PAD on the left extremity (27.4%) compared with the right (24.6%) ( p  < 0.0001). After exercise, we found a higher prevalence of PAD on the right extremity (25.1%) compared with the left (19.0%) ( p  < 0.0001). These discrepancies between the prevalence of PAD at rest and after exercise were present in women and men. Conclusion  Using validated criteria of a resting ABI of ≤ 0.90 and postexercise ankle pressure decrease > 30 mm Hg, our results suggest that there is a significantly higher prevalence of PAD in the left lower extremity at rest, in contrast to a greater prevalence of abnormal postexercise testing in the right lower extremity. The reason(s) of these discrepancies remain to be studied.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-univ-rennes1.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01579407
Contributor : Laurent Jonchère <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 31, 2017 - 10:08:40 AM
Last modification on : Monday, January 20, 2020 - 11:21:27 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Kevin P. Cohoon, Guillaume Mahé, David A. Liedl, Thom W. Rooke, Paul W. Wennberg. Discrepancies in Prevalence of Peripheral Arterial Disease between Lower Extremities at Rest and Postexercise. International Journal of Angiology, Georg Thieme Verlag, 2017, 26 (03), pp.179-185. ⟨10.1055/s-0037-1598177⟩. ⟨hal-01579407⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

123