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Journal Articles Dalton Transactions Year : 2017

Molecular design of melt-spinnable co-polymers as Si-B-C-N fiber precursors

Yann Gueguen
Tanguy Rouxel


Two series of co-polymers with the general formula [B(CHSiCH(NH)(NCH))], i.e., composed of CHSiCH(NH) and CHSiCH(NCH) (CH = CHCH, CHCH) building blocks in a well defined x : y ratio, have been synthesized by hydroboration of dichloromethylvinylsilane with borane dimethyl sulfide followed by successive reactions with lithium amide and methylamine according to controlled ratios. The role of the chemistry behind their syntheses has been studied in detail by solid-state NMR, FT-IR and elemental analyses. Then, the intimate relationship between the chemistry and the melt-spinnability of these polymers was discussed. By keeping x = 0.50 and increasing y above 0.50, i.e., obtaining methylamine excess, the co-polymers contained more ending groups and especially more tetracoordinated boron, thus allowing tuning very precisely the chemical structure of the preceramic polymer in order to meet the requirements for melt-spinning. The curing treatment under ammonia at 200 °C efficiently rendered the green fibers infusible before their subsequent pyrolysis under nitrogen at 1000 °C to generate Si-B-C-N ceramic fibers. Interestingly, it could be possible to produce also low diameter hollow fibers with relatively high mechanical properties for a further exploration as membrane materials.
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Dates and versions

hal-01631754 , version 1 (09-11-2017)



Antoine Viard, Laura Gottardo, David Lopez-Ferber, Anne Soleilhavoup, Chrystelle Salameh, et al.. Molecular design of melt-spinnable co-polymers as Si-B-C-N fiber precursors. Dalton Transactions, 2017, 46 (39), pp.13510-13523. ⟨10.1039/c7dt02559a⟩. ⟨hal-01631754⟩
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