Disparities in cancer incidence by area‐level socioeconomic status in the French West Indies

Abstract : Purpose: Social inequalities in cancer incidence and mortality have been reported in France, but no data are available for the French overseas territories. Our objective was to explore the association between cancer incidence and the socioeconomic level of the residence area in the French West Indies. Methods: Cancer incidence data were obtained from the cancer registries of Guadeloupe and Martinique (2009–2010). To assess socioeconomic status, we developed a specific index of social deprivation from census data at a small area level. We used Bayesian methods to evaluate the association between cancer incidence and the deprivation index, for all cancers combined and for the major cancer sites. Results: There was no clear association between area‐based deprivation and the incidence of all cancers combined. In men, higher area deprivation was associated with a higher incidence of prostate cancer (relative risk (RR) 1.25, 95% credible interval (CI) 1.04–1.49; RR 1.08, CI 0.91–1.29 in the categories of intermediate and high deprivation, respectively, compared to low deprivation), but was not associated with respiratory cancer. Women living in the most deprived areas had a higher incidence of stomach (RR 1.77, CI 1.12–2.89), breast (RR 1.15, CI 0.90–1.45), and cervical (RR 1.13, CI 0.63–2.01) cancers and a lower incidence of respiratory cancer (RR 0.65, CI 0.38–1.11). Conclusion: These first results in the French West Indies suggest specific patterns for some cancer sites that need to be further investigated. © 2017, Springer International Publishing AG.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 22, 2017 - 12:18:33 PM
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Danièle Luce, Stéphane Michel, Julien Dugas, B. Bhakkan, G. Menvielle, et al.. Disparities in cancer incidence by area‐level socioeconomic status in the French West Indies. Cancer Causes and Control, 2017, 28 (11), pp.1305--1312. 〈10.1007/s10552-017-0946-3〉. 〈hal-01671494〉

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